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w/c 17 June 2024: The US data highlight this week is Retail Sales on Tuesday, with global Flash PMI data on Wednesday. Plus on the central bank side we get the RBA, PBoC, SNB and BoE all in play

Fed Interest Rate Decision Preview – 31st January


The Federal Reserve (Fed) Interest Rate Decision is a pivotal event in global financial markets, representing the central bank’s determination of the target range for the federal funds rate. This rate influences the cost of borrowing and lending throughout the economy, impacting various sectors, including consumer spending, business investment, and financial markets.


The Fed typically adjusts interest rates to achieve its dual mandate of stable prices and maximum sustainable employment. An interest rate hike is employed to curb inflation, while a rate cut is intended to stimulate economic activity during periods of economic downturn.

Why is the Fed’s Interest Rate Decision so Important

The importance of the Fed Interest Rate Decision lies in its far-reaching implications. Changes in interest rates influence borrowing costs, affecting the affordability of mortgages, loans, and credit for businesses and individuals. Additionally, financial markets closely watch the Fed’s decisions for signals on the central bank’s economic outlook and policy intentions. 

The Fed’s communication, particularly during the accompanying press conference led by the Fed Chair, provides valuable insights into the central bank’s stance on inflation, employment, and overall economic conditions. Investors, policymakers, and businesses analyse these decisions to adapt their strategies and navigate the economic landscape, making the Fed Interest Rate Decision a crucial event with widespread impact on the global financial system.

What to Expect From This Meeting 

As the eagerly awaited US Federal Reserve (Fed) Interest Rate Decision approaches on January 31st at 19:00 GMT, analysts and researchers are all offering their expectations for the upcoming announcement. Anticipated to maintain the status quo, the Fed is expected to keep interest rates within the established range of 5.25%-5.50% for the fourth consecutive meeting. 

US Federal Reserve (Fed) Interest Rate Decision

The pivotal element of this event will be Chair Jerome Powell’s subsequent press conference, where investors will be attentive to any signals or remarks addressing market speculation about potential rate cuts. The outcome of this decision holds significant implications for financial markets and economic sentiments, making it a focal point for investors seeking insights into the Fed’s monetary policy stance, to see if they can trade the news, and its potential impact on various sectors.

What to Expect going forward

Economists anticipate this will continue and that the US Federal Reserve will likely postpone any interest rate cuts until the second quarter, favouring June over May. This contrasts with earlier market expectations that had priced in the likelihood of a rate cut in March following comments from Fed Chair Jerome Powell. Recent data and statements from Fed officials have tempered these expectations, leading to a shift in the majority sentiment among economists. 

According to a Reuters poll, most economists project the Fed to maintain the Fed Funds rate at 5.25%-5.50% in January, with a significant number (86 respondents) foreseeing potential rate cuts in the next quarter, predominantly in June (45%) and May (31%), while only a minority (16%) expects cuts in March. 

These projections align with a cautious Fed stance, emphasising a close monitoring of the sustainability of recent inflation progress and are consistent with the Fed’s dot plot predictions, indicating a more modest reduction in rates compared to current market expectations. Despite expectations for inflation to average around the central bank’s 2% target in the second half of 2024, some economists anticipate other inflation measures to remain above 2% until at least 2026.


Luke is currently a student in his final year studying A levels in Economics, Maths and Physics at The Bishop’s Stortford High School. He has a strong interest in economics and financial markets,... Continued

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